Hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons show impaired dendritic spine density and morphology only in presymptomatic Mecp2 mutant mice
Monday, Nov 14, 2011, 8:30 AM - 8:45 AM
*C. A. CHAPLEAU
, G. CALFA, L. POZZO-MILLER;
Neurobio., Univ. Alabama Birmingham/Samford Univ., BIRMINGHAM, AL
Alterations in dendritic spine density and morphology have been consistently documented in numerous disorders associated with intellectual disabilities, such as Rett syndrome (RTT). RTT is an X chromosome-linked disorder that affects approximately 1:15,000 females worldwide and is the leading cause of severe intellectual disabilities in females. Mutations in
, the gene encoding methyl-CpG-binding protein-2, have been identified in ~90% of RTT individuals. Previous work in our laboratory using postmortem brain tissue from female RTT individuals demonstrated that hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons have lower dendritic spine density than age-matched unaffected female individuals (Chapleau
. Neurobiol Dis 2009). Furthermore, previous studies in presymptomatic
-deficient mice (~P20) or the cell-autonomous expression of mutant
in postmitotic CNS neurons maintained in slice culture from neonatal rats revealed lower dendritic spine density in several brain regions, including hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons. To understand the role of MeCP2 on dendritic spine formation/maintenance, we analyzed dendritic spine density by quantitative confocal microscopy in mice that express a truncated non-functional MeCP2 protein (Jaenisch strain). Dendritic spine density in CA1 pyramidal neurons of symptomatic
mutant mice (P40-60) was not statistically different than that in age-matched wildtype littermates (wildtype: 14.41±1.38 spines per 10μm of dendritic length
mutant: 16.58±1.18 spines/10μm; n=5 mice; p=0.266). Organotypic slice cultures from P7-9 mice were used to evaluate dendritic spines earlier during development. Consistent with earlier reports from presymptomatic P14
null mice (Bird strain; Chao
. Neuron 2007), CA1 pyramidal neurons in slice cultures from P7-9 presymptomatic
mutant mice had lower dendritic spine density than those from wildtype slice cultures (wildtype: 8.05±0.67 spines/10μm n=5 mice
mutant: 5.31±0.98 spines/10μm; n=4 mice; p=0.04). These data demonstrate that proper MeCP2 function is required for the early development of dendritic spines in CA1 pyramidal neurons, and that a secondary compensatory mechanism (homeostatic plasticity?) allows reaching comparable spine density in symptomatic
mutant mice and their wildtype littermates. Thus, the use of a “dendritic spine phenotype” as an endpoint for the evaluation of potential treatments in
deficient mice should be restricted to presymptomatic animals, with therapeutic interventions starting as early as possible during postnatal development.
NIH Grants NS40593, NS065027
[Authors]. [Abstract Title]. Program No. XXX.XX. 2011 Neuroscience Meeting Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2011. Online.
2011 Copyright by the Society for Neuroscience all rights reserved. Permission to republish any abstract or part of any abstract in any form must be obtained in writing by SfN office prior to publication.
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