E-32-Nutritional and Doping Practices
Friday, Jun 04, 2010, 7:30 AM -12:30 PM
NCAA Student-Athlete Energy Drink Use
Hall C, Poster Board: 153
Friday, Jun 04, 2010, 9:00 AM -10:30 AM
+608 supplements, drugs and ergogenic aids
Athletes; Energy Drinks
, Weston Kensinger
, Lincoln Gibbs
, Amanda Divin
Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK.
Western Illinois University, Macomb, IL.
Research indicates that college athletes participate in more alcohol-related risk taking and experience more negative consequences from using alcohol compared to other college students (Ford, 2007; Wechsler et al., 1997). This study investigated how energy drinks affect the existing alcohol related problems and measured athletes’ alcohol, energy-drink-only and combined-use consumption rates. It was also the first to compare risk taking behaviors and negative consequences among combined-users when using alcohol-only to when combining alcohol and energy drinks.
In the Fall of 2006, a total of 401 of 456 NCAA student-athletes (257 male,144 female) from a large D-I University voluntarily participated in this study. The combined- use sample (
=132) used for hypotheses testing contained 91 men (68.9%) and 41 women (31.1%) with an average age of 20.0 (
= 1.30) years. Participants were recruited as entire teams at designated meetings. This study used the Quick Drink Screen for alcohol (QDS; Sobell et al., 2003) and a modified version for combined-use and energy-drink-only use.
From the total sample (N = 401) 315 (78.6%) used alcohol, 150 (37.4%) combined alcohol with energy drinks, and 194 (48.4%) used energy drinks without alcohol. Of the 315 college athlete drinkers, 48% combined alcohol and energy drinks in the past year and 290 (92.1%) reported binge-drinking. Among combined-users, 68 of 107 male (46.26%) and 24 of 40 (16.33%) female respondents used 3 or more energy drinks while using alcohol. Woolsey (2007) coined this as the “energy-binge” and considered it to be a high-risk drinking behavior because it puts users at-risk for serious health consequences such as heart problems. Independent samples
test results indicated that
sex (male/female) on combined-use risk taking behaviors was highly significant,
(128) = 4.45,
< .001. Results indicated that men took significantly more risks than women when combining alcohol & energy drinks.
Results indicated combined-users consumed significantly more alcohol and had riskier drinking habits than athletes who used alcohol only. Results suggest a need to include information about energy drinks in existing athlete alcohol education and prevention programs.
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