Presentation Abstract

Abstract Number: 3285
Presentation Title: Hedgehog pathway inhibition delays regrowth of ovarian cancer following paclitaxel and carboplatinum only if initiated immediately after completion of chemotherapy
Presentation Time: Tuesday, Apr 03, 2012, 8:00 AM -12:00 PM
Location: McCormick Place West (Hall F), Poster Section 11
Poster Section: 11
Poster Board Number: 19
Author Block: Kashmira S. Kulkarni-Datar1, Whitfield B. Growdon1, Jeanne A. Ferguson2, John R. MacDougall2, Rosemary Foster1, Bo R. Rueda1. 1Massachsetts General Hospital, Boston, MA; 2Infinity Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, MA
Abstract Body: The high mortality associated with ovarian cancer is attributed to the lack of any reliable early detection method, unknown pathogenesis of the disease, and the development of recurrent and chemoresistant tumors. Current efforts have focused on the identification of therapeutics that may be used independently or in combination with current chemotherapeutic regimens to reduce tumor volume. To date, limited research has focused on preventing or delaying disease recurrence. The Hedgehog (Hh) signal transduction pathway is inactive in most adult cells. Malignant activation of the Hh pathway through the signaling protein Smoothened (Smo) occurs in a broad range of cancers, including ovarian. IPI-926 is a potent orally delivered small molecule that targets the Hh pathway by inhibiting Smo. Recent studies from our laboratory provide evidence that IPI-926 slows serous ovarian cancer growth in a primary human tumor xenograft model. More importantly, IPI-926 delays the resurgence of tumor growth typically observed after cytoreduction with paclitaxel and carboplatinum (T/C) treatment.
Our current objective was to assess whether this effect of IPI-926 required that the Smo inhibitor be administered during a critical window following T/C treatment to prevent the resurgence of tumor growth. To test our hypothesis, mice bearing human ovarian cancer xenografts were treated with vehicle or T/C. T/C treatment was withdrawn following significant reduction (30-50%) in tumor volume. The original vehicle treated cohort was divided into 2 arms which then either received IPI-926 or continued on vehicle for the duration of the experiment. Mice in the T/C cohort were divided into 3 groups. Group 1 received vehicle alone (T/C-Vehicle), group 2 received IPI-926 immediately following the last T/C dose (T/C-IPI-926) and group 3 received no vehicle or IPI treatment for 14 days following the last T/C dose (Window). Group 3 was then maintained on IPI-926 treatment starting at day 15 post-T/C withdrawal.
The withdrawal of T/C led to a dramatic increase in tumor volume in the T/C-Vehicle group. As previously observed, tumor growth inhibition was maintained in mice receiving IPI-926 immediately following the cessation of T/C treatment. In contrast, delaying the administration of IPI-926 following T/C prevented the suppression of tumor growth as evidenced by the increased tumor volume.
Our data suggest that blocking Hh pathway activity immediately following chemotherapy maintains and prolongs the inhibitory effect of chemotherapy on ovarian tumor growth. The absence of an IPI-926-mediated inhibition of tumor resurgence following a 14-day delay in treatment supports the concept that there is a critical period for tumor re-establishment. Our data, along with those of others, suggest that the early stages of ovarian tumor re-growth may be dependent on Hh pathway signaling.